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Cuba is a developing country listed on the OECD DAC List in 2020. Since the fall of the US-backed dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista in 1959, Cuba has been a one-party state led by Mr Castro and - since February 2008 - by his chosen successor and younger brother, Raul.

Strong Soviet backing, including annual subsidies worth $4-5 billion, helped the country build reputable health and education systems. But, at least partly because of the US trade sanctions, Cuba failed to diversify its economy (BBC, 2018).

0 million (total population)
0 % primary schools with access to the internet for pedagogical purposes in 2018
0 % research and development expenditure (% of GDP) 2014-18
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