In 2019, the number of people fleeing war, persecution and conflict exceeded 79 million, the highest level ever recorded.
Conflict and development are connected. Conflict and crisis can have a catastrophic impact on basic services and infrastructure, from the demolition of schools and health clinics to overwhelming numbers of people relying on already stretched social services. Meanwhile, successful development of education, health, governance and infrastructure, make conflict and insecurity far less likely.
The implications of COVID-19 further threatens global peace and security. The pandemic brings a real danger that displaced populations will be excluded from access to health care, economic safety nets, and recovery efforts, and that their very status as migratory or displaced persons will lead to their being scapegoated as a threat to settled populations, reinforcing their isolation and exclusion.
Given that 2.3 billion people are projected to live in fragile and conflict affected states by 2030, more robust, effective, and comprehensive approaches to protect and assist vulnerable people are needed. The global research community has a key role to play in working with policy makers, NGOs and communities to address the root causes of people feeling forced to leave their homes.
Source: United Nations, 2018
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